The Promised Messiah and founder of the Jamaat Ahmadiyya
Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani's blessed son, Hazrat
Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmad (The Khalifatul Masih
II and Musleh Mauod) married Hazrat Syeda Maryam Begum
on 7th February, 1924. She was the daughter of Hazrat
Dr. Abdul Sattar Shah, scion of an eminent Syed family.
In his Nikah sermon, Syed Sarwar Shah Sahib, a venerable
companion of the Promised Messiah said,
"I am now advanced in
years and would soon pass away, But those who live
would witness the advent
of Servants of the faith born in this wedlock with
a Syeda as occurred before. This is my resolute
And so this Servant of the faith was
born on 18th December, 1928. He grew up righteousness
guidance of his illustrious father and devout mother
and with divine blessings. Once, during his childhood,
he was asked by a well-know Ahmadi Savant, Maulana
Rahim Nayyer, "Which reward would you cherish
most for doing good work?" "Allah - Only
the 10 year old's spontaneous answer.
The blessed personage is named Hazrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad.
His erudition encompasses wide range of knowledge both
spiritual and material. After graduation, he obtained
the "Shahid" degree from Jamia Ahmadiyya
(Theological Academy) at Rabwah. Then he studied in
Europe for 2
and half years.
After completing his higher education,
he dedicated his life to the service of faith. In
October 1958, he
was given charge of "Waqf-e-Jadid" the department
for propagation of the highest grades of virtue and
for fostering welfare of Ahmadis. From 1960 to 1969
he was vice-president and then president of Majlis
in which capacity he displayed remarkable qualities
of leadership. From 1979 to 1982, he was president
Majlis Ansarullah. He served as Director of Fazl-e-Omar
Foundation in the time of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih III.
He was patron of the International Ahmadiyya Association
of Architect and Engineers (IAAAE). Allah has bestowed
upon him extraordinary talents of speech and writing.
The books authored by him gave greatly enriched the
repository of Ahmadiyya literature. Some of the well-known
titles are: Biography of Hazrat Fazl-e-Omar, Murder
in the name of Allah, Maudoodi Islam, What Ahmadiyyat
gave to the world, and The Moral Excellence of the
Prophet in Wars.
Hazrat Hafiz Mirza Nasir, Khalifatul Masih III passed
away on the 9th of June, 1982 and the following day
Hazrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad Sahib was elected as Khalifatul
Masih IV. Under his able guidance and with divine help,
the Jamaat is making great strides. Progress and advancement
is evident in every respect - geographically, historically,
morally, and spiritually.
In this short article, I can only cite a few glimpses
of Huzur's achievements.
Allah says in the Holy Quran, "He indeed prospers
who purifies it" 91:10. As such purification
of soul is regarded the foremost guiding principle for
the followers of Allah's prophets. Hazrat Khalifatul
Masih IV has exhorted the Jamaat to achieve this end
in various ways some of which are mentioned here.
Huzur has emphasised the importance of observing congregational
Prayer Service. He has dealt with this topic in three
phases - in Friday Sermon of 1st April 1983 and in various
sermons since 8th November 1985. On 17th June 1988,
he once again stressed the need for establishing and
strengthening communion with Allah through prayers.
With Allah's grace, these dynamic exhortations are producing
good results and the general improvement in moral and
spiritual standards of the Jamaat in quite evident.
The so-called modern society has
shattered the dignity of woman under the illusion
of equality. The manner
in which Islam has safeguarded the honour and esteem
of woman in deprecated and subjected to misplaced
In his question and answer session and Press Conferences,
Huzur has not only refuted this criticism, he has
enunciated the true status of woman in Islam. He has
exhorted the Ahmadi women to observe "Purdah" strictly
and to safeguard the Islamic values. In his sermon
at the annual Ahmadiyya conference of 1982, he
warned the Ahmadi women against the perils of western
culture and conveyed to them the significance and
of Islamic Purdah.
In consequence of this guidance, most of the Ahmadi
ladies in western countries now meticulously observe
Islam has propounded very noble teachings about family
life and the Holy Prophet was a model of moral excellence
in this respect. Some people do not follow this good
example and transgress Quranic teachings. In his Friday
Sermon of 14th February, 1986, Huzur exhorted the Ahmadis
to completely root out this behaviour from their daily
lives and foster graciousness between kindred and in-laws.
In response many families have forsworn their past attitude.
The Ahmadis as a group stand our from others as comparatively
free from the shackles of un-Islamic customs and superstitions.
Shortcomings do arise at times and Huzur has particularly
laid stress to eradicate them. In his sermons of 8th
March, 1985 and 10th May, 1985, Huzur enjoined the Ahmadis
to eschew giving dowry beyond means, exchanging gifts
on New Year Day or other similar customs.
The Muslims celebrate Eid twice a year. The affluent
generally move within the narrow confines of their own
circle. In his Eid Sermon of 1983, Huzur asked the wealthy
Ahmadis to go to the homes of their poor brethren to
wish them happy Eid and offer them gifts. In compliance
of this directive, the delectation of Eid in Ahmadi
society has escalated significantly and this is the
very substance and philosophy of Islamic festival of
To derive real profit from the
teachings of Quran, one must be righteous. Allah
says, "It is a guidance
for the righteous." 2:3. In a gathering the Holy
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) pointed
his finger towards his chest and said, "The righteousness
should be here". Elucidating this Hadith, the Promised
Messiah pronounced "Righteousness is a virtue that
should be rooted in the heart." The Khalifatul
Masih IV reflected elaborately on this topic in various
sermons. The righteousness nourished with the awe and
love of Allah is supreme and perpetual.
The preaching of Islam is obligatory for every Muslim.
In the present age it is only the Ahmadiyya Movement
which is actively engaged in this great effort and this
fact is conceded by our antagonists also. Hazrat Khalifatul
Masih IV has vastly expanded this programme of preaching
and propagation. The Ahmadis by and large are now perceptive
to this call and in addition there is a regular cadre
of preachers. On the whole, the implementation of the
programme in as many as 152 countries of the world.
In the era of the 4th Caliph,
the Jamaat has come to exercise considerable influence
winning more and more
adherents, among them eminent personalities and tribal
kings. In 1987, two such kings from Nigeria made
covenant and joined Jamaat. Thus the Promised Messiah's
revelation, "Kings will seek blessings from thy
clothes" found fulfilment once again. Huzur bestowed
sacred relics of the Promised Messiah on these two
when they presented themselves during the annual Ahmadiyya
Conference in London in 1987.
The Promised Messiah was commissioned by God for rejuvenating
Islam and disseminating the Holy Quran. During the time
of the 2nd and 3rd Caliphs, translation of the Holy
Quran was done in different languages. This work has
been considerably accelerated now. Translations in fifty
one languages of the world have been completed and published.
Translation of 300 selected verses of the Quran in 118
languages of the world have been done. This monumental
achievement has no parallel in the last 1400 years.
To achieve the highest grades of excellence and purification,
spending in the cause of Allah is proclaimed a virtue
of great merit subordinated only to the performance
of prayer. It is a measure of the grand spiritual revolution
brought about by the Promised Messiah that the Ahmadis
are always prepared and eager to spend money in the
cause of Allah. Their zeal for such voluntary sacrifices
has been ever growing having greatly accelerated in
the era of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV.
The annual budget of Jamaat has reached 1 billion mark.
This figure represents the Obligatory Donations only.
There are other categories like Tehrik-e-Jadid, Waqf-e-Jadid,
Syedna Bilal Fund and Propagation of Quran Fund. Hazrat
Khalifatul Masih IV journeys many countries each year.
This is to oversee, streamline, extend and accelerate
the multifarious activities of the Jamaat. The countries
graced by him are Africa, East and West, Far East, Europe,
America and Canada.
Only one and half month after
becoming Khalifa, Huzur travelled to Norway, Sweden,
Denmark, Switzerland, Holland,
UK and Australia. He inaugurated the "Basharat
Mosque" the first ever to be built in Spain in
750 years. He addressed 18 press conferences wherein
he provided erudite interpretation of Islamic teachings.
For seven weeks in 1983 (Aug.
22 - Oct. 14) he visited Singapore, Fiji, Australia
and Sri Lanka. Laying the
foundation stone of "Bait-ul-Huda" mosque
and Mission House at Sydney was a momentous event of
this tour. He also addressed a crowded press conference
at the University of Canberra where he expounded the
beauty of Islamic values. In December 1984, he undertook
a tour of Holland, Germany and France. Plans for establishing
big centres were discussed.
In September 1985, Huzur again
visited European countries. New Missions in Holland,
Belgium, West Germany were
declared open. A sprawling and spacious centre, "Nasir
Gardens" was inaugurated. Huzur travelled to seven
European countries, opened five new missions and examined
the prospects of establishing another four. In addition
to question and answer sessions, four press conferences
From Mid August to 7th October, 1986, Huzur visited
Canada, Holland, West Germany, Switzerland, Italy and
Spain where he met eminent personalities and also the
press. During the tour, foundation stone of the first
Ahmadiyya Mosque in Canada was laid.
The same year he graced the Annual
Khuddam-ul-Ahmadiyya gathering in Frankfurt and also
visited Belgium and
Holland. In 1987, he travelled twice to European countries,
USA and Canada. This was indeed a history making
as many new Missions were inaugurated. He met a cross
section of eminent persons and conveyed to them the
Islamic teachings in a most persuasive way. He was
in many cities of America where the day was declared "Mirza Tahir Ahmad Day".
In January 1988, he set his foot in West Africa for
the first time. This tour of six countries spanning
over five weeks was highly successful. Tumultuous welcome
greeted him everywhere, Gambia, Sierra-Leone, Liberia,
Ivory Coast, Ghana and Nigeria. Various Presidents,
Ministers, Parliamentarians and Paramount Chiefs met
him. The President of Sierra Leone was with him for
half an hour. He offered him the use of his personal
helicopter and also assigned Police Personnel for his
security. Throughout the country, the government made
arrangements for his stay. Likewise the government of
Liberia provided him use of two Chauffeur-driven cars
as well as a Police Squad for security duty. There was
meeting with the President and Vice President of Ghana.
In almost all these countries, Radio and TV gave ample
and appreciative coverage to Huzur's activities. Medical
and educational institutions provided by the Movement
for the benefit of the people were highly praised.
Returning from his tour, Huzur proclaimed:
"I perceive Light not Darkness
in this continent. Many outsiders came here and exploited
the people. The
wealth of Africa was used elsewhere. Allah has inspired
a plan in my mind that the Ahmadiyya Movement would
procure funds elsewhere in the world but utilise
Huzur created an exclusive department and charged it
with fostering the renaissance and revival of the African
people. He also urged Ahmadi doctors, teachers and specialists
in other fields to offer themselves for service in Africa.
Same year in March/April, Huzur visited Frankfurt and
Glasgow. In August/September, he travelled to East Africa
and Mauritius. This was the first time ever that an
Ahmadi Khalifa had travelled to this part of the world.
He visited Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania besides Mauritius.
This was, again a very successful visit. Some mosques
were inaugurated. Various Ahmadis got the opportunity
of meeting with exalted personage and benefiting from
his sublime discourses.
All these tours by the head of the world-wide Ahmadiyya
Movement strengthened and uplifted the spirituality
and created awakening among the Ahmadi masses. These
were instrumental in dispelling the wrong notions about
Islam held by a section of the educated classes. On
occasions, the critics were confounded when Huzur expounded
the correct interpretation of Islamic teachings and
were impelled to embrace Islam there and then. In the
course of his African tour, hundreds of persons got
initiated in Ahmadiyyat.
Whenever any prophet of Allah comes, he and his followers
are opposed and derided. It has been the same with Jamaat
Ahmadiyya the followers of the Promised Messiah ever
since its inception. In 1974 the government of Pakistan
embarked on their persecution which reached most cruel
dimensions with the promulgation of Zia-ul-Haq's Ordinance
XX in 1984. The Ahmadis were tormented and persecuted
continuously and life was made unbearable for them.
But they displayed amazing steadfastness and spirit
of sacrifice. In the face of such horrible oppression
they stood firm like a rock. Their fearless resolve
stems from their unshakeable faith that they hold fast
the rope of Allah in the form of Khilafat. Under the
guidance of Khilafat the machinations, intrigues and
campaigns of derision are met with fortitude, highest
grade of virtues and beneficence, reminiscent of the
The tortures perpetuated on peace
loving Ahmadis grew ever harsher. Some two dozen
Ahmadis are martyred. The
Holy Founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement is subjected
to slander and blasphemous allegations. Profane and
foul language is used against other venerable persons
of the Jamaat. Such dirty propaganda is spread throughout
the world. The Jamaat does not posses enough resources
to reply. Yet our Imam, Khalifatul Masih administered
cogent refutations to the "White Paper" brought
out by the government of Pakistan. This refutation
contained in a series of 18 booklets issued from London,
and later published in one volume.
All efforts of their reformation
having failed, all precepts fallen on deaf ears,
warning of Divine punishments
unheeded and having exhausted every other avenue, the
Khalifatul Masih IV, on 10th June, 1988, now challenged
all their TOP leaders for a "Mubahala".
Let the matter be judged by Allah, The Best of Judges.
One month after the challenge of Mubahala, Maulavi
Aslam Qureshi who had gone underground capriciously,
reappeared. It had been alleged that he was abducted
and then murdered, and the name of the Head of Ahmadiyya
Community was maliciously implicated. Aslam Qureshi's
appearance was an ignominious disgrace for the opponents.
The admonitory destruction of General Zia-ul-Haq on
17th August, 1988 (only nine weeks after the challenge
of Mubahala) is the manifestation of another Grand Sign
for the Truth of Ahmadiyyat.
Blessed are those who take heed
of divine signs, recognise the Reformer of the Age
and come together under the
banner of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allah be upon him) and those who are steadfast in
to the institution of Khilafat. May Allah shower His
Blessings on them. Ameen!